As the standard of living improves, people pay more and more attention to their health. The dishes we use every day are closely linked to our health and we must not be negligent. Countries have strict requirements for the quality and safety of the dishes. What should I consider when importing and exporting dinnerware?
The main material for the import and export of dinnerware
The main part of these dinnerware is made of clay, which is beautiful and practical.With the addition of colorful glazes to add detailed patterns and some carved patterns, it shows the charm of traditional craftsmanship and is rich in historical and cultural connotations.
The glassware is clean, free of harmful substances, transparent and beautiful, but fragile. Currently, many glass dinnerware uses tempered glass.The surface of the tempered glass is bright, hard, resistant to corrosion, heat, easy to clean and non-toxic.
There is a wide range of metal materials used for metal dinnerware, mainly including the following: stainless steel, aluminum, copper, silver, titanium, etc.
Enameled products have good mechanical strength, are durable, do not break easily and have good heat resistance, capable of withstanding a variety of temperature changes. The texture is smooth, compact and not easy to contaminate with dust, clean and durable. The disadvantage of enameled products is that they tend to crack and break after being hit by external forces.
Melamine dinnerware, also called imitation porcelain dinnerware, belongs to the high molecular weight polymer, the English abbreviation is MF, low temperature.
Things to consider when importing dinnerware:
Imported dinnerware (food contact products) must comply with my country's national quality and safety standards and related inspection requirements. Customs inspects imported dinnerware (food contact products) according to the GB4806.1-2016 standard. Importing companies must submit relevant materials such as a declaration of compliance with the GB4806.1-2016 standard when making the customs declaration.
Things to consider when exporting crockery:
According to the requirements of the "Memorandum of Understanding on Ceramic Utensils for the Preparation, Preservation or Preservation of Food and Beverage Exported to the United States", the Chinese export of everyday ceramics to the United States is also introducing a system of certification for production plants. Export companies should understand in detail the relevant standards and access requirements of the destination country before export, and strictly control the inspection of raw materials and finished products to achieve smooth export.
The most important standard systems at home and abroad
China: The National Health and Family Planning Commission and the China Food and Drug Administration have issued 53 national food safety standards, including general safety requirements for materials and products in contact with food (GB4806.1-2016), including GB9685 additives, enamel, 9 product standards for ceramics, glass, plastics (resins), paper and cardboard, metals, paints and coatings, rubber products and other materials and test method standards for 39 specific substances. Together with the previously published GB4806.2 soothers, GB31603-General Hygienic Specifications for Manufacturing, GB31604.1-General Principles for Migration Testing and GB31604.2 and Other Method Standards, a new national standard system for contact materials and products with food (hereinafter referred to as "materials in contact with food) was formed substantially in my country.
European Union: the requirements for products in contact with food such as ceramic dinnerware are divided into three levels, mainly in the form of regulations and directives: the first level is "general measures" which apply to all products in contact with food, the second level applies to some types of materials "Special measures" such as Directive 84/500 / EEC for ceramic products that come into contact with food The third level is "individual measures" for specific substances such as 1st revision of the EU Directive 2005/31 / EC.
United States: The relevant administrative regulations for food and food contact materials can be divided into three parts: ① "Federal Law on Food, Drugs and Cosmetics"; ② “Federal rules and regulations”; ③ "Compliance Policy Guidelines" (CPG) issued by the US FDA.
Japan: Food safety laws are mainly the food hygiene law and the food safety law. The rules are divided into three categories: general rules, category rules and special rules. The general standard specifies the requirements for the content of heavy metals, in particular lead, in materials and products in contact with food and has established standards for cans of metal, glass, ceramic, rubber and 13 types of polymers.